Strengths and weaknesses of the functionalist approach. This essay will discuss three theories, the differential association theory, the labelling theory and the rationale choice theory. Feminists are critical of this approach because it assumes that gender roles are fixed, ignoring the changes that have taken place. Critical theory s connection with socialism and statism is its greatest weakness. Marxism and the dialectical method a critique of g. The strength of the functionalist theory is that it a macro level structural theory which uses an organic analogy using the body as a way to describe the different parts within society. The idea that the working class reap more benefits for their labour is an ideal scenario, and thus is one of the strengths that a marxist value represents. Strengths and weaknesses of conflict theory free essays. I have chosen to write about marxism as it is the starting foundation for the class system. What are the arguments for and against the supreme court as the final, authoritative interpreter of the constitution. Marx himself gives a clear picture of the problems of classbased capitalism.
What are weaknesses and strength of marxist theory of. The strengths and weaknesses of the marxist theory of revolution. What are the strengths and weaknesses of marxism answers. In order to understand how both marx in particular and marxist writers in general have attempted to define and theorize social stratification we must first look briefly at the historical background and context of marxs view of social stratification. Feminism features, strengths and weaknesses flashcards. Some thinkers have rejected the fundamentals of marxist theory such as. May 29, 2018 marxism is perhaps the 2nd most influential political system to capitalism of the industrial and postindustrial era. Apr 23, 2016 allow me distinguish marxs original theory from the theory of 1st and 2nd generation marxists, which were somewhat different.
Strengths and weaknesses of conflict theory synonym. Limitations and strengths of marxist theory critics argue that marxism is just another ideology despite claims by some that historical materialism is an objective science. The marxist theory of revolution must be evaluated in two lights in regards to its strengths and weaknesses, first how it was relevant in marxs era, second how it was relevant after his death. A strength pertaining to socialpsychological theory is the feeling of sharing an important identity to everyday life. The strengths and weakness of pluralism theory by arif rohman.
Another strength is the identity that a particular culture has and what makes it unique. Pdf the strengths and weakness of pluralism theory. Some marxists are accused of being too doctrinaire. Each of the points of this argument is, simultaneously, a strength and weakness, depending on very specific conditions. Pdf the strengths and weakness of pluralism theory arif. The first weakness is that the theory tends to ignore the possibility that sport in capitalist societies can and may involve experiences that give individuals and groups power. Critical theorys connection with socialism and statism is its greatest weakness. Pdf this essay seeks to familiarise young students of society with the basic. Marx noted that in order to survive we enter relationships in order to ensure production. On the negative side, however, a major weakness of marxism is that it leads to state tyranny. From the three chosen sociological perspectives i will also look at their individual views on religion and the family. Human beings will never abandon their right to private possession of things, whether they be cultivative land, their husbands and wives. In theory, equality sounds great, seeing a lot of examples where people are treated fairly, but keep in mind that an individual is taken out of the scenario under marxism. Conflict theory looks at how different groups in society develop conflict in.
Extract of sample discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the marxist perspective on globalization download file to see previous pages the dominant group, which was identified as the producer, would depend on the proletariat for labour and manpower mann 1997. Marxist perspectives on social class stratification. There are many theories that are critical parts of sociology, but there are. Strengths and weaknesses of modern society 1468 words cram. Capitalism at the center developed an the internal dynamism of its own which is absent at the periphery. However, marxism has many flaws which far outweigh the benefits, and has never been truly implemented in the real world. The strengths and weaknesses of the marxist theory of reae. Major changes according to marx are a result of new forces of production.
The strengths and weaknesses of marxs analysis of capitalism. This led to the development of two new approaches within marxist tradition. Mar 12, 2015 apart from the factors that argued by marxist as a couses of social development that my base on qualitative changes in the whole structure and framework of society as well as to help the society to better realize its aims and objectives and transform the society from one stage to another, also the strength of the marxist theory of social development may be traced as much of what is wrong with. The system being organisms such as the human body, and society which fit together in. Godelier is a strong advocate of anthropology embracing a marxist theory with a structuralist bent.
This is where marx was at with his theories of capitalisms demise. This is a strength as through the growth of the marxist, liberal and radical strands the subversion of women through their malecounterparts has been highlighted. When the state owns everything, it can easily repress individual freedoms, behave arrogantly, and. Criticism of marxism has come from various political ideologies and academic disciplines. Marx conflict theorys strength was the inherit conflict between the haves and the have nots of his time and was somewhat legitimate although i never agreed with his solutions. Mar 04, 2012 the weakness in the feminist theory is that it is very misadric and is full of lies and contradictions. For all its potential weaknesses, a planned market system within the context of a. The functionalist approach illustrates how a social institution can work at two different levels both fulfilling the needs of each individual and meeting the needs of the whole society at the same time. There are many theories that are critical parts of sociology, but there are two that interest me in particular. Marxian theory of surplus value, which is based on the labour theory of value, is not a correct theory. Consequently he exhibits both the strengths and the weaknesses of that dominant style of english legal. It recognises the power interests of different groups. If you look at the marxist theory, it considers society as a whole, which means that it acknowledges all the social.
Strength the family is seen as very important in passing on the shared norms and values which are universal in society. Therefore, this argument does not establish a sufficiently solid framework for a more general analysis. Allow me distinguish marxs original theory from the theory of 1st and 2nd generation marxists, which were somewhat different. Dependency theory seeks to analyze international politics by concerning itself with the existing unequal relationship among nationstates i. In defence of marxism is proud to announce the launch of marxist university. In agrarianbased economies the income in agriculture is a crucial determinant of. Strengths and weaknesses of the functionalist view on society. Revolutionaries today refer to themselves as marxistleninists because these discoveries point the way ahead for the communist movement everywhere. These two approaches developed at the same time and share the declared purpose of renewing marxist theory by bringing in insights from other traditions. Pointing out the strength and weakness of a theory gives us a better understanding of the theories framework and also a better understanding of other theories.
The ultimate vision of the conflict school is to see a society where all can freely cooperate in the production of social goods. They may also agree with marxists about the amount of. The strengths and weaknesses of this philosophy show some sets of benefits and drawbacks, creating a system of government that is prone to abuse, that is why marx to fix its. A reasoned evaluation of the strengths and weaknesses in. Strengths and weaknesses in the line of the international. The forces of production and the social relationship to this form the economic basis or infrastructure of society.
This theory is mainly based upon a perspective that citizens are involved in political arenas through different interest groups, and that political power should be dispersed to secure its own legitimate interests and none of these groups will dominate the system. This is a strength as prior to the feminist movement, sociology was regarded as maestream male domianted raised awareness of gender issues. He used the change from feudal society run by the noblemen, clergy, and commoners and based upon heredity. May 08, 2009 marx conflict theory s strength was the inherit conflict between the haves and the have nots of his time and was somewhat legitimate although i never agreed with his solutions. The three main theories of deviance and their strengths. Society is in a state of conflict between the rich and the poor. Fundamentalist marxism is crudely deterministic, and also reductionist in its materialism, allowing little scope for. What are the strengths and weaknesses of the marxist theory of revolution. Conflict theorists talk about how sport is organised to maximise the control that wealthy people have over other members. The strengths and weaknesses of the marxist theory of re5ae. Strengths and weaknesses of the functionalist view on. The origin of dependency theory came as an alternative to the theories of modernisation and development as formulated and supported by the western and marxist.
Marxist theory looks at society as a whole, therefore acknowledging all the social forces involved. Marxism is perhaps the 2nd most influential political system to capitalism of the industrial and postindustrial era. Marxist theory of history, and then contradict themselves by claiming lesser scope for their most preferred version of it 67. The strengths and weakness of pluralism theory by arif. The most glaring weakness of his conflict theory was that marx either did not our could not see the rise of the middle class with plenty of disposable income. There are several problems with this theory of the state. But this assumes that all antisocial elements in the population are based on class rule and its cognates. This essay will go on to show the origins of labelling theory, the theory itself and will show its strengths and weaknesses using. This is a strength as prior to the feminist movement, sociology was regarded as maestream male domiantedraised awareness of gender issues.
The objective of this paper is to show you the personal strengths and weakness that i identified by asking friends and family their opinion on the topic regarding yours truly, and by examining myself for areas that i am really good at also known as strengths and areas i need to improve otherwise known as weaknesses. The strengths and weaknesses of the marxist theory of revolution bibliography t. A french marxist and proponent of economic anthropology. Marx and engels discovered historical materialism the science of history and society, dialectical materialism, the economic laws of capitalisms development, and, most importantly, the need for. Doc the strengths and weaknesses of marxs analysis of.
Feminists believe that gender is mostly or purely a social construct, and that there is little to no biological influence when it comes to gender roles. What are the strengths and weaknesses of the use of marxist. This essay will go on to show the origins of labelling theory, the theory itself and will show its strengths and weaknesses using various casestudies and examples. The theories will discussed and how they can explain crime will also be discussed, and then a comparison of the theories will be given in order to identify their strengths and weaknesses in explaining youth crime. The periphery is complementary to, and dominated by, the center amin, 1976. Apart from the factors that argued by marxist as a couses of social development that my base on qualitative changes in the whole structure and framework of society as well as to help the society to better realize its aims and objectives and transform the society from one stage to another, also the strength of the marxist theory of social development may be traced as much of what is wrong with. Strengths and weaknesses of the dependency theory free essays. Fifth, the marxist analysis of the state, with its emphasis on its alleged original role in protecting.
Carver marxs social theory oxford university press 1982 a c macintyre marxism. Strengths and weaknesses of marxism and the family. Marx called this arrangement the relations of production and argued it exploited the subject. Recently asked questions please help me my homework. The chinese have contrasted this to the method of testing in practice what is the best way to achieve a certain result, and then summing it up and deepening marxist theory with it. The underlying problem here is to establish the point of balance between theoretical ambition, which tends to drive the marxian theorist forward, and empirical circumspection, which tends to hold the theorist back. Strengths and weaknesses of functionalist and conflict. Much of the discussion in this essay will rest on how marxian analysis can only weakly.
Carver marxs social theory oxford university press 1982. Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the marxist. Underscores the relationship between the meaning of symbols and a persons behavior. Strengths and weaknesses of functionalist and conflict theory. Pluralism theory is wellknown as a theoretical tradition used to analyse political actions in modern democratic states.
The idea of a minimum wage structure is a little towards a marxist view but its still not the picture that marx draws up for us on how socialism would work and how a successful uncorrupted communist regime in a country would head up what. In order to understand how both marx in particular and marxist writers in general have attempted to define and theorize social stratification we must first look briefly at the historical background and context of. Yet, a weakness is how a certain culture behaves and may be inappropriate to others. Strengths feminists may appreciate the fact that marxists have recognised how women within the nuclear family are a treated as the property of men and b used as means of producing babies so that sons can inherit property. In undertaking an accurate interpretation of three sociological perspectives, i will make a reasoned evaluation of the strengths and weaknesses in marxism, functionalism and feminism. Marxist theory of social development is not relevant now. His work focuses on understanding what modes of production, superstructure, and infrastructure would look like for nonwestern cultures. Limitations and strengths of marxist theory essay antiessays. What are the strengths and weaknesses of the use of. A sociological theory is a set of ideas that provide an explanation for human society. Marxist class theory cuts across commonsense and official classifications of occupations which are based on status or sector whitecollar employment, service work, professionals, atypical. Labeling theory was quite popular in the 1960s and early 1970s, but then fell into declinepartly as a result of the mixed results of empirical research. What are the strengths and weaknesses of the use of marxist and other conflict theories.348 1616 40 1469 87 1519 1635 489 62 1235 1489 1579 1432 551 1247 699 1079 102 1373 1414 1273 84 984 337 435 693 1567 707 1057 1010 461 38 229 392 900 1170 319 943 290 1397 79 1023 1480